India have rich medicine knowledge from ancient period, well know as Ayurveda, B.A.M.S. Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) is graduate degree awarded after the study of 5 1/2 years duration, including 1-year internship.
In the state of Maharashtra B.A.M.S graduates do have permission to practice modern/allopathic medicine . According to the privileges in the Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940, Rules 1945. States have right to allow BAMS doctors to use modern medicine, in the practice.
There are four key concepts in Ayurveda. These concepts are Panch Mahabhutas, Tridoshas, Sapt Dhatus and Malas. These altogether guide the preventive, promotive and curative aspects of the practice of Ayurveda.
Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery
- The candidate is a pass in an intermediate 10+ 2 with Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and Sanskrit. The candidate must pass +2 from a recognized board.
- Some colleges also provide certificate programs from 1 to 2 years. Qualification needed for such program is Matriculation with Sanskrit or an equivalent exam.
- The main course is divided into 3 Professional Courses of 1½ years duration each.
B.A.M.S Course curriculum:
- Ashtanga hrdaya
- Ayurveda itihasa (history of ayurveda)
- Kriya shareeram (physiology)
- Padartha vijnanam (Indian epistemology and world view)
- Rachana shareeram (anatomy)
- Agadatantra , vyavaharaayurveda and vidhivaidyaka(toxicology, forensic medicine and jurisprudence)
- Charaka samhita
- Dravyaguna vijnanam (ayurvedic pharmacology)
- Rasashastra and bhaishajyakalpana (medicinal chemistry and pharmacy)
- Roga vijnanam and vikriti vijanam (principls of diagnosis and pathology)
- Swastha vrittam (social and preventative medicine)
- Charaka samhita
- Kaumarabritya (paediatrics)
- Kayachikitsa (general medicine)
- Prasuthi tantra and stri roga (gynecology and obstetrics)
- Shalakya tantram (ENT , dentistry , ophthalmology)
- Shalya tantram (surgery)
B.A.M.S Entrance Exams:
- AYUSH Entrance Exam
- Common Entrance Test or CET Karnataka
- Kerala State Entrance Exam
- National Institute of Ayurveda Entrance exam (NIA)
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Entrance Exam.
B.A.M.S Entrance Exam Pattern:
- There are 2 papers with each having equal time duration of 2 hours each.
- One paper covers the Botany and Zoology.
- Another paper covers Physics and Chemistry.
- The exam contains only objective type questions.
- Aspirants need to choose the most appropriate answer from the given 4 options.
- One mark is given for every right answer. ¼ marks will be subtracted from every incorrect answer.
- The unmarked answers will be considered as not attempted ones.
Ayurvedic Doctor Requirements (B.A.M.S):
- Caring nature,
- Love for people,
- Immense patience,
- Ability to inspire confidence and trust in patients,
- keen logical and analytical mind.
- Aware of the philosophy
- Ears, Eyes, Nose And Throat – Shalakya Tantra
- Health And Longevity – Rasayana Tantra
- Internal Medicine – Kayachikitsa
- Pediatrics – Kaumarabhritya Tantra
- Purification Of The Genetic Organs – Bajikarana (Or Vajikarana) Tantra
- Spiritual Healing/Psychiatry – Bhuta Vidya
- Surgery – Shalya Tantra
- Toxicology – Agada Tantra
Top B.A.M.S Colleges / Universities offering B.A.M.S program:
- Ayurvedic medical college, Kolhapur
- Berhampur university, Berhampur
- Shri ayurveda mahavidhyalaya, Nagpur
- Ayurvedic And Unani Tibia College, New Delhi
- Ayurvedic Medical College, Davangera
- Ayurvedic Mahavidyalaya, Mumbai
- Ayurvedic Medical College, Terdal
- Ayurvedic Medical College, Ghataprabha
- Government Ashtang Ayurveda College, Indore
- Government Ayurvedic College, Nagpur
- Gujrat Ayurvedic University, Gujrat
- Government Ayurvedic College, Nanded
- MMM Government Ayurvedic College, Udaipur
- National Institute Of Ayurveda, Jaipur
- Sri Balahanuman Ayurved Mahavidhyalaya, Gandhinagar
- Vikram Government Dhanvantri Ayurvedic College, Ujjain
Job and Career options for B.A.M.S:
there are openings in government hospitals, charitable medical centers, private clinics, hospitals and dispensaries. In government hospitals, Ayurvedic practitioners are on par with allopaths. Teaching and research at research institutions is another options open to qualified Ayurvedic doctors.
- General Practice
- Research (Clinical research or epidemiological research)
- Hospital and Healthcare Administration
- Health Supervisor (As per High courts decision a BAMS doctor can work for the post of Health Supervisor)
- Master of Public Health
- PG Diploma Courses
Salary Scale for B.A.M.S:
Those who have completed B.A.M.S, can get an initial remuneration of Rs.12000 – 18000 per month in the public sector. Ayurveda college teachers can earn more than Rs.10000 per month. Money depends on the practitioner’s skills, reputation and locality of practice. Doctors who have just started their careers or are yet to establish themselves can earn approximately Rs 400 per day.
Once you have established your own reputation, your earnings per day can go up to Rs 3,000 a day. Established Ayurvedic doctors can charge a whopping Rs 500 per person for every visit.